Guyana- Statutory law - Animal health
The Veterinarians Act establishes a Veterinary Board and regulates the practice of veterinarians and animal health assistants.
The Animal Health Act appoints the Guyana Livestock Development Authority (GLDA) as the national authority on animal health matters. The Authority may designate authorized officers to implement the Act. Customs, port, airport, airline, postal, shipping, police, and local authorities shall assist authorized officers. The Animal Health Act provides regulations to prevent the introduction and spread of animal diseases, ensure a safe movement of animals, and control the imports and exports of animals, animal products and commodities. The Act provides regulations on veterinary inspections, quarantine requirements, import and export permits, international health certificates, notification of prescribed diseases, declaration of infected zones, free zones, buffer zones or surveillance zones, among others. However, it does not establish under which circumstances a declaration of infected zone may be revoked, leaving room for arbitrary decisions. Regarding contingency plans, the Act only establishes the duty of the GLDA to develop them, but provides no details on their drafting and implementation.
The Animal Health Act contains provisions on the import and export of live animals, but some provisions are only prescribed for aquatic animals, such as the obligation for importers and exporters of aquatic animals to be registered.
The Pharmacy Practitioners Act provides some regulations related to the distribution and sale of veterinary medicinal products. The Food and Drugs Act and the Food and Drugs Regulations establish measures on the manufacture, distribution and sale, as well as import and export of drugs, which are also applicable to veterinary medicinal products.
The Acts and Regulations mentioned above include offences related to animal health and prescribe sanctions that include fines and imprisonment.