© FAO/Thomas Nicolon


The Ituri Province, and in particular the Okapi Wildlife Reserve, are home to some of Central Africa’s richest wildlife. Hunting and gathering forest products are central to rural communities and indigenous people’s cultural identity. Community well-being also depends on the protein intake and income provided by these activities. Threats to Ituri’s wildlife are increasing as is the demand for wild meat, which is driven by the expanding human population caused by the mining boom, agricultural expansion and logging activities.

The SWM Project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo promotes sustainable community management of hunting within and outside the protected areas. It will help reduce the risk of extinction of protected species while improving the communities’ long-term well-being. The SWM activities in DRC are implemented by the Wildlife Conservation Society, in collaboration with national authorities.


  • The Okapi Wildlife Reserve (RFO) is home to more than 100 species of mammals, including several flagship species of threatened mammals, such as the okapi, forest elephant and the eastern chimpanzee.
  • Indigenous hunter-gatherers represent one-fifth of the population living in the RFO, and their survival depends on the forest (watch Thomas‘s video).
  • Data from more than 1 530 people were collected to complete the analysis of bushmeat, chicken, fish and beef value chains.
  • The SWM Programme conducted animal protein consumption studies based on more than 900 individual surveys on urban consumption and on the monitoring of rural consumption in 355 households.
  • The SWM Programme is working on the development of the local poultry sector to provide a healthy and sustainable alternative to the consumption of bushmeat (watch Fidele’s video).


Map of the SWM  activities in Democratic Republic of the Congo
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.



Protecting wildlife and Indigenous Peoples’ livelihoods...

© WCS/Mark Gately

Free, prior and informed consent (Swahili)

Leaflet - SWM Programme in Democratic Republic of...

© WCS/I.Ayaya

Free, prior and informed consent (Swahili)

Arbre de décision pour les enquêteurs...(French)

Free, Prior and Informed Consent (Swahili)