© FAO/David Mansell-Moullin


The Makira Natural Park is teeming with an extremely rich diversity of flora and fauna, including 17 species of lemurs. This park is one of the largest intact forest blocks in the country and many local people depend on it for natural resources. Given the remoteness and lack of available domestic meat, subsistence-level hunting is practised, amongst other activities, by local communities. However, hunting threatens the future of wildlife in the region, particularly for species that are threatened or endangered.

The SWM Project in Madagascar is promoting sustainable use of non-protected wildlife species and an increase in the supply of alternative proteins to replace wild meat consumption. The project therefore aims to ensure food security for local communities, while at the same time conserving endemic species. The project is being implemented by the Wildlife Conservation Society, in collaboration with the Government of Madagascar.


  • Makira Natural Park is home to more than 60 species of mammals (including 17 species of lemurs), more than 120 species of birds and more than 200 species of reptiles and amphibians.
  • Around the Makira Natural Park, some slow-breeding species such as lemurs are particularly vulnerable to hunting and are already in decline.
  • To date, more than 600 chickens and 200 kg of improved maize seeds have been provided to programme beneficiaries to support the development of poultry farming (watch Nirina’s video).
  • Village “vaccinators” were trained in the 10 project sites, in partnership with health veterinarians, and 6 veterinary kiosks were installed, which enabled the vaccination of 1 356 chickens during the first six months.
  • More than 430 legal texts on wildlife management and domestic animal production have been identified and analysed (see the SWM Programme Legal Hub in Madagascar, in French only).


Map of the SWM  activities in Madagascar
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.



Community's hunting practices in Makira... (French)

© FAO/David Mansell-Moullin

Fasicule de formation sur l'aviculture familiale (French)

Reconciling biodiversity and food security...

© FAO/David Mansell-Moullin

Guide pratique de la pisciculture et de...(French)

Leaflet - SWM Programme in Madagascar (French)