© FAO/David Mansell-Moullin


The Makira Natural Park is teeming with an extremely rich diversity of flora and fauna, including 17 species of lemurs. This park is one of the largest intact forest blocks in the country and many local people depend on it for natural resources. Given the remoteness and lack of available domestic meat, subsistence-level hunting is practised, amongst other activities, by local communities. However, hunting threatens the future of wildlife in the region, particularly for species that are threatened or endangered.

The SWM Project in Madagascar is promoting sustainable use of non-protected wildlife species and an increase in the supply of alternative proteins to replace wild meat consumption. The project therefore aims to ensure food security for local communities, while at the same time conserving endemic species. The project is being implemented by the Wildlife Conservation Society, in collaboration with the Government of Madagascar.


  • Intensified community training in how to develop fish farms, including better approaches to ensure a sustainable level of production;
  • Supported, with local authorities, the construction of chicken houses by community members, which are needed to keep predators at bay;
  • Finalised comprehensive baseline studies on consumption practices, livestock assessment, hunting and fishing practices, and governance to adapt the proposed SWM Project activities accordingly;
  • Initiated plague evaluation within population of small mammals and rodents which are the most hunted animals;
  • Supported community patrols within Makira.


Map of the SWM activities in Madagascar
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.



Madagascar’s communities, an engine for change

© FAO/David Mansell-Moullin

Reconciling biodiversity and food security...

© FAO/David Mansell-Moullin

Leaflet - SWM Programme in Madagascar