Sahelian Wetlands Site

© FAO/Bruno Portier


The Sahelian wetlands are sites of important economic, agricultural and pastoral activities. They are home to a rich biodiversity, including millions of migratory and resident waterbirds, some of which contribute to the food and income of communities in the region. Climate change, agricultural developments, water supply projects and intensive use of natural resources are threatening these wetlands. The resulting dramatic changes in habitats have a major impact on the waterbird populations in the Sahel, and the impacts of hunting have yet to be assessed. It is estimated that these waterbird populations may have declined by 40 percent between 1960 and 2000.

The RESOURCE Project "Strengthening Expertise in South Sahara on Birds and their Rational Use for Communities and their Environment" aims to improve the sustainable use of natural resources, particularly waterbirds, in the wetlands of Egypt, Mali, Senegal, Sudan and Chad. The activities, coordinated by FAO, are implemented by technical partners recognized for their expertise, in collaboration with national authorities and local wildlife institutions.


  • Logistical and administrative preparation for field activities over the 2020-21 winter season;
  • Supported efforts to prevent, monitor and combat invasive aquatic plants in the Senegal Delta, including a large-scale participatory Lotus eradication campaign;
  • Expanded training and capacity building activities on waterbird and wetlands monitoring with national government and NGO staff in Chad, Mali, Senegal and Sudan;
  • Continued, with limited and temporary delays due to COVID-19, the market and consumption surveys in Chad, Egypt, Mali and Senegal;
  • Conducted surveys on hunting pressures in touristic hunting concessions in Chad and Senegal;
  • Monitored wintering waterbirds through repeated ground and aerial censuses in the main wetlands of Egypt, Chad, Senegal, Mali, and Sudan;
  • Ongoing analysis of waterbird, wildlife and wetlands policies, laws and regulations in Senegal, Sudan, Mali, Chad and Egypt.
Map of the RESSOURCE activities in the Sahelian Wetlands
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.





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© FAO/Bruno Portier

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© FAO/Bruno Portier

RESSOURCE Newsletter - Issue 6 (July to December 2020)

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© FAO/Bruno Portier

RESSOURCE Project Brochure

RESSOURCE Newsletter - Issue 5 (January to June 2020)